3 Major Tools For Project Schedule
The project schedule is an output of a schedule model that present linked activities with planned dates, durations, milestones and resources. In this article, I want to look at some of the tools for a project schedule. Follow me as we look at some of these tools together in this article.
At a minimum, the project schedule includes a planned start and planned finished dates for each activity. If resource planning is done at an early stage, the project schedule remains preliminary until resource assignments have been confirmed and scheduled start and finished dates are established. This process usually occurs no later than the completion of the project management plan.
A target project schedule model may also be developed with a defined target start and finished date for each activity. The project schedule may be presented in summary form, sometimes referred to as the master schedule or milestone schedule, or presented in detail.
Although a project schedule model may be presented in tabular form, it is more presented graphically, using one or more of the following formats:
#1 Bar charts
Bar Charts are also known as Gantt Charts, bar charts represent schedule information where activities are listed on the vertical axis, dates are shown on the horizontal axis, and activity durations are shown as horizontal bars placed according to start and finish dates.
Bar charts are relatively easy to read and are commonly used. Depending on the audience, a float can be depicted or not. For control and management communications, the broader, more comprehensive summary activity is used between milestone or across multiple interdependent work packages and is displayed in bar chart reports.
#2 Milestone charts
These charts are similar to the bar charts, but only identify the scheduled start or completion of major deliverables and key external interfaces.
#3 Project Schedule Network Diagram
These diagrams are commonly presented in the activity-on-node diagram format showing activities and relationships without a time scale, sometimes referred to as pure logic diagram. It can also be presented in a time-scaled schedule network diagram format that is sometimes called a logic bar chart.
These diagrams with activity date information, usually show both the project network logic and the project’s critical path schedule activities.
This example also shows how each work package is planned as a series of related activities. Another presentation of the project schedule network diagram is a time-scaled logic diagram. These diagrams include a time scale and bar that will represent the duration of activities with logical relationships They are optimized to show the relationships between activities may appear on the same line of the diagram in a sequence.
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