5 Facts About Projectized Organizational Structure
In my previous article, I have talked about some of the facts that you need to know about the functional organizational structure. That is the type of organizational structure where projects are being handled by the departmental heads in an organization. In this article, I want to look at a Projectized organizational structure. We want to look at some of the powers that are available to Project Managers in this type of organizational structure.
More about Projectized Organizational Structure
In a projectized organizational structure, there is nothing like departments that shared powers with the Project Manager. Every project is carried out by a Professional Project manager who will supervise the project from the beginning to the end. The Project Manager, in this case, has full control over the Project. The only problem with this type of organizational structure is that the Project team has “no home”. That means once the project has ended, the project team will be without a job until their beloved project manager is engaged in another job.
The good side of this type of organizational structure is that the Project Manager has full control over the resources of the project.
Analyzing Matrix Organisational Structure In PMP
In my previous article, I have looked at the projectized organizational structure. In that article, I said in a projectized organizational structure, the Project Manager has power over all the resources of the project. Every Project Manager prays to work in a projectized environment. In this article, I want to look at some of the powers of the Project Manager in a matrix organizational structure. Follow me as we look at that in this article.
Anytime you hear of Matrix organizational structure, you should always think of two Managers. Here, unlike the projectized organizational structure, the power over resources are shared between the Professional Project Manager and departmental managers in the organization.
In a Matrix organizational structure, when there is any project, one of the Project Manager from the Project Management Office will be called upon to manage the Project. Resources working in a Matrix Project Management environment have double loyalty. They are to report to their departmental managers and the project manager equally. Before I move further, I want to look at the three types of Matrix organizational structure that a Project Manager can work in.
#1 Strong Matrix
In a strong matrix organizational structure, the Project Manager has more power than the Departmental Manager. He has power over resources than the departmental managers. You should know that in this type of organizational structure, departmental managers exist but they cannot equal the Project Manager but in a projectized organizational structure, there is nothing like Departmental Managers.
PS: In a Matrix organizational structure, the team members are not full-time staff. They have to perform both their normal departmental works and project works.
#2 Balanced Matrix
In a Balanced Matrix organizational structure, the power over resources is shared between the Project Manager and the departmental manager. The two of them have equal powers over resources of the project. Also, the team members have to report to both the Project Manager and the Departmental Manager. That means in a balanced matrix organizational structure, when there is a conflict over resources between the Project Manager and the departmental manager, you cannot actually predict who will win the argument.
#3 Weak Matrix
In a weak matrix organizational structure, just like the functional organizational structure, the Departmental manager has more power than the Project. When one looks at the functional organizational structure, the ” Project Manager” does not have real Project Manager powers. He might not even be a professional Project Manager. He has to take authority from his boss.
In a weak matrix organizational structure, we have a weak Project Manager who does not have powers over resources. He still looks up to functional managers for power over resources of the Project.
Powers Of Project Managers In a Functional Organizational Structure
earlier, I have talked about some of the ways that organizational culture can affect project management. I also mention it in that article that the leadership structure in any organization will also determine to a large extent the outlook of their project. In this article, I want to look at the way the project is been managed in a functional organizational structure. Follow me as we look at that together in this article.
In a functional organizational structure, there is no Professional Project manager to manage a project. What we have most time is a project expediter who has little or no power over resources of the project.
When there is any project in this type of organization, the departmental manager will have to choose one of the employees in his department to oversee such h project. Whoever is chosen will report directly to the Departmental Manager and take directive from him
The departmental manager can also go beyond his department to get resources from other departments in the organization. In this kind of organizational structure, when there is a conflict between the Project manager and the departmental manager. the departmental manager will surely supersede.
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