3 Factors that Determines Organizational System for Projects
Organizational systems for projects are one of the factors that determine the success or failure of projects. In any organization whether large or small, there are many factors that determine what the outcome of any project will be.
Some of these constraints include Organizational structure as well as the governance framework for a project.
Based on these constraints that are imposed by the project, the Project Manager needs to understand where responsibility, accountability and authority reside in a project.
It should be noted that the interactions of these various systems in an organisation will determine the powers that the Project Manager has within the organisation.
A system can be seen as a collection of various components that comes together to produce a result that is not obtainable by a single individual component.
A component can be seen as an identifiable element within the project or organisation that provides a particular function or group of functions.
Also, the interaction of various systems components creates the organisational culture and styles for the project.
Now the organizational systems…
#1 Management systems
One of the major deciding factors of the powers of the project manager in a project is the management element in an organisation. To a very large extent, the perception of the management as regards how the project should go will determine the powers to be allowed to the PM.
Most software development organisation with little or no structure will always reckon with their developers than the Project Manager.
Project Managers are employed to coordinate a project in such agile-based organisation just to coordinate projects and not to make decisions.
#2 Organisational structure types
Another major part of Organisational systems that determines the powers of the Project Manager is Organisational frameworks. This has to do with how powers and responsibilities are shared in the organisation.
It might be functional, projectized or matrix organisation. The ways the powers are shared will determine what the Project Manager can do within such an arrangement .
#3 Governance Framework
The Governance frameworks or project management office established to take decisions and facilitate policies for the project will determine the powers that the Project Manager has.
They are the one to dictate what the project manager can do as well as steps and procedures to follow when certain decisions are to be taken on the project.
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