Fenugreek: Health Benefits, Uses, Side Effects, Dosage & Interactions
What other names is FENUGREEK known by?
Fenugreek, bird’s foot, Bockshornklee, Bockshornsame, Chandrika, Egypt Fenugreek, Fenugreek, Fenugrec, Foenugraeci Semen, Foenugreek, Greek clover, Greek hay, Greek hay Seed, Hu Lu Ba, Medhika, Methi, Methika, Sénégrain, Sénégré Trigonella Foenum, Trigonella foenum-graecum, Trigonella foenugraecum, Trigonelle, Woo Lu Bar.
What is FENUGREEK?
Fenugreek is a clover-like herb that is native to the Mediterranean region, southern Europe, and western Asia. The seeds are used in the kitchen, to make medicines or hide the taste of others medicine. Fenugreek seeds smell and taste something like maple syrup. Fenugreek leaves are eaten in India as a vegetable.
Fenugreek is taken orally for digestive problems. such as loss of appetite, upset stomach, constipation, inflammation of the stomach (gastritis) Fenugreek is also used for diabetes, painful menstruation, polycystic ovary syndrome, and obesity. It is also used for conditions that affect heart health such as “hardening of the arteries “(atherosclerosis) and high blood levels of certain fats such as cholesterol and triglycerides fenugreek is used for kidney ailments, a vitamin deficiency disease called beriberi, mouth ulcers, boils, bronchitis, infection of the tissues below the skin surface (cellulite), tuberculosis, chronic cough, chapped lips, baldness, cancer, Parkinson’s disease and exercise performance.
Some men use fenugreek for erectile hernia dysfunction (ED), male infertility, and other male problems. Both men and women use fenugreek to enhance sexual interest. Women who are breastfeeding sometimes use fenugreek to promote milk flow. Fenugreek is sometimes used as a poultice. That means it is wrapped in cloth, heated and applied Directly to the skin to treat local pain and swelling of (inflammation), muscle pain, pain and swelling of lymph nodes (lymphadenitis), pain in the toes (gout), wounds, leg ulcers and eczema. In food, fenugreek is included as an ingredient in spice blends. It is also used as a flavoring agent in imitation maple syrup, food, beverages, and tobacco. In manufacturing, fenugreek extracts are used in soaps and cosmetics.
POSSIBLY EFFECTIVE FOR …
Some research shows that consuming fenugreek seeds, mixed with food during a meal, reduces post- meal blood sugar levels in people. with type 2 diabetes.However, while taking 5-50 grams of fenugreek seeds once or twice a day it seems to work, lower doses of 2.5 grams do not seem to work. In people with type 1 diabetes, taking 50 grams of fenugreek seed powder twice a day seems to reduce the amount of sugar in the urine. Painful menstrual periods (dysmenorrhea).
Taking 1800-2700 mg of fenugreek seed powder three times a day for the first 3 days of a menstrual period followed by 900 mg three times a day for the remainder of two menstrual cycles reduces pain in women with painful menstrual periods.
The need for pain relievers was also reduced. Increased interest in sex. Taking 600 mg of a Fenugreek seed specific extract (Libifem, Gencor Pacific Ltd.) every day seems to increase interest in sex in young, healthy women with low sexual desire. Improvement of sexual performance. Taking 600 mg of a specific fenugreek seed extract (Testofen, Gencor Pacific Ltd) each day seems to improve the ability and interest in sex in older men who have started to lose interest and in healthy young men.
INSUFFICIENT EVIDENCE TO EVALUATE EFFECTIVENESS FOR … Performance exercise. There are conflicting results. Regarding the effects of fenugreek on exercise India) for 8 weeks decreases body fat and performance. Some initial research shows that taking 500 mg fenugreek supplement (Indus Biotech, increases testosterone levels, but does not change Muscle strength or endurance in young men.
However, other research shows that taking 500 mg of fenugreek extract (Torabolic, Indus Biotech) daily for 8 Weeks reduces body fat and increases leg and bench press performance in a similar group of young people.In addition, other initial research shows that taking 300 mg of chemical fenugreek (Fenu-FG, Indus Biotech Private Limited, Pune, India) each day might help men do more bench press exercises but doesn’t seem to help them lift more weight or do exercises more leg press exercises. Acidity. Research shows that taking a specific fenugreek product (FenuLife, Frutarom Belgium) before the two biggest meals of the day are reduced heartburn symptoms High cholesterol.
There is conflicting evidence on the effects of fenugreek on cholesterol levels. Early Research shows that taking fenugreek seeds reduces total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL or “bad”) cholesterol. But the effects of fenugreek seed on high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL, or “good”) and triglycerides are inconsistent. Breast milk production. There are some reports that taking fenugreek seed powder increases daily. milk production in lactating women. But The evidence that confirms this is limited. Some early research shows that drinking tea contains fenugreek, alone or in conjunction with other ingredients, increases milk volume.
But other research suggests that taking capsules containing fenugreek three times a day for 21 days from 5 days after giving birth. does not affect the production of breast milk. Male infertility. Preliminary research suggests that taking fenugreek seed oil orally drops three times a day for 4 months improves sperm count in men with low sperm concentration. But taking the other parts of fenugreek seed do not appear to have this effect. Weightloss. Early research shows that a fenugreek seed extract can reduce daily fat intake in overweight men when taken orally at a dose of 392 mg three times a day for 2-6 weeks. But lower doses don’t seem to have this effect. Neither dose affects weight, appetite, or fullness. Adding 4 or 8 grams of fenugreek fiber to breakfast seems to increase the feeling of satiety and reduce hunger at lunchtime. But it is unclear if this increases weight loss Parkinson’s disease . Research suggests that taking fenugreek seed extract (Indus Biotech Private Limited, Pune) twice daily for 6 months no improve symptoms in people with Parkinson’s disease.
Ovarian cysts (polycystic ovary syndrome). There are conflicting results regarding the effect of fenugreek for ovarian cysts. Research suggests that taking fenugreek seed extract (Goldarou Pharmaceutical Co. Isfahan Iran) daily for 8 weeks does not improve symptoms in women with Cysts on the ovaries. However, other early research suggests taking 1000 mg of a specific type of fenugreek seed extract (Furocyst, Cepham Inc., the menstrual cycle and the time between having a period. Piscataway, NJ) every day could reduce the size of ovarian cysts and help regulate the length of baldness. Cancer. Chapped lips Chronic cough. Constipation. Eczema. Fever. Gout. “Hardening of the arteries” (atherosclerosis). Nephropathy hernias . Ulcers in the mouth. Sexual problems (erectile dysfunction, ED). Stomach ache. Other conditions. More evidence is needed to rate fenugreek for these uses.
HOW DOES FENUGREEK WORK?
Fenugreek appears to decrease the absorption of sugars in the stomach and stimulate insulin. Both of them effects that lower blood sugar in people with diabetes.
Fenugreek may also improve levels of testosterone and estrogen, therefore helping to enhance interest in sex.
ARE THERE SAFETY CONCERNS?
Fenugreek is LIKELY SAFE for people when taken by mouth in amounts normally found in food. It is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken orally in amounts used for medicinal purposes (amounts higher than normally found in food) for up to 6 months. Side effects include diarrhea, upset stomach, bloating, gas, dizziness, headache, and urine “maple syrup” odor. Fenugreek can cause nasal congestion, cough, wheezing, facial swelling and severe allergic reactions in hypersensitive people. Fenugreek may lower blood sugar.
Special precautions and warnings:
Pregnancy: Fenugreek is LIKELY SAFE in pregnancy when used in larger amounts than food. That could cause early contractions. Taking fenugreek just before delivery can also cause the newborn to have an unusual body odor, which could be mistaken for “maple syrup urine disease.” It does not appear to cause long-term effects. Lactation:
Fenugreek is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken orally to increase the flow of breast milk into the short term. Some research shows that taking 1725 does mg of fenugreek three times a day for 21 days not cause any side effects in babies. Children:
Fenugreek is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth in children. Some reports have linked Fenugreek tea to loss of consciousness in children. An unusual body odor similar to maple syrup can also occur in children who drink fenugreek tea. Allergy to plants in the Fabaceae family: People who are allergic to other plants in the Fabaceae, including soy, peanuts, and green peas, may also be allergic to fenugreek. Diabetes: Fenugreek can affect blood sugar levels in people with diabetes Watch out for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use fenugreek.
IS THERE ANY INTERACTION WITH MEDICINES?
Diabetes medications (antidiabetes drugs) Interaction level: moderate Be careful with this combination Talk to your healthcare provider. Fenugreek may lower blood sugar. Diabetes Medications are also used to lower blood sugar. Take fenugreek along with diabetes medications. it could cause your blood sugar level to drop too low. Closely monitor your blood sugar level. Your dose diabetes medications may need to be changed. Some medicines used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), chlorpropamide (diabinesa), glipizida (Glucotrol), tolbutamida (Orinasa) and others. Medicines that slow blood clotting. (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet) Interaction Rating: Moderate Be careful with this combination. Talk to your healthcare provider. Fenugreek may slow blood clotting.
Taking fenugreek along with medications that also decrease clotting can increase the chances of bruising and bleeding. Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin) and others. Theophylline Interaction Rating: Moderate cautious with this combination. Talk to your healthcare provider. Fenugreek may reduce the amount of theophylline absorbed into the body. Theoretically, using fenugreek while taking theophylline could reduce the effects of theophylline. Warfarin (Coumadin) Interaction Rating: Moderate cautious with this combination. Talk to your healthcare provider. fenugreek along with warfarin (Coumadin) could increase the chances of bruising and bleeding. Be Warfarin (Coumadin) is used to slow blood clotting.
Fenugreek may also slow blood clotting.
Taking Make sure you have regular blood tests. The doses of your warfarin (Coumadin) may need to be changed. DOSAGE CONSIDERATIONS FOR FENUGREEK. The following doses have been studied in research sciences : br /> The following doses have been studied in research sciences : ORAL: For diabetes: 5-50 grams of fenugreek powder seeds added to one or two meals daily for 4 days for Se have used 24 weeks. A 1 gram daily dose of Fenugreek seed extract has been used. For painful menstruation (dysmenorrhea): according to the following scale: effective, probable 1800-2700 mg of fenugreek seed powder three times a day for the first 3 days of menstruation, followed by 900 mg three times a day for the remainder of two menstrual cycles. To increase interest in sex: 600 mg fenugreek seed extract (Libifem, Gencor Pacific Ltd.) every day for two menstrual cycles. To improve sexual performance: 600 mg of fenugreek seed extract (Testofen, Gencor Pacific Ltd) each day alone or with magnesium 34 mg, zinc 30 mg, and vitamin B6 10 mg, for 6-12 weeks has been used. Comprehensive database of natural medicines effectiveness based on scientific evidence Probable ineffectiveness and insufficient evidence to rate Effective, possibly effective, possibly ineffective (detailed description of each of the ratings).