Differences Between Agile And Other Project Methodologies
In my previous articles, I have talked about some of the facts that you need to know about agile methodologies of managing projects. In this article, I want to look at some of the differences between this methodology and other project methodologies of managing projects. Follow me as we look at this together in this article.
#1 Informal method as part of project methodologies
When it comes to documentation, agile methodology is less formal than other project methodologies. You do not need much book documentation before you can coordinate all the tasks. It all boils down to what the customer is actually looking for.
When a Project Manager is using agile methodologies to manage the project, he can repeat same steps several times until it is accepted but in other methodologies, it is always based on a sequential method of managing projects where a particular step is completed before the project can move to the next phase.
#3 Not linear
One other aspect of agile methodology compared to other agile methodologies is its non-linear nature. When you are using an agile methodology, you can go back to previous tasks that you do not perform very well. This is not always feasible with other methodologies that are not agile in nature.
#4 Incremental deliverables
One other feature of an agile methodology that made it different from other methodologies is that it gives room for incremental deliverables. The Project Manager is allowed to deliverables of the project one at a time than other methodologies where you have to deliver the output of the project at once.
#5 People and collaboration
Another difference between agile methodologies and another type of methodology for a project is that agile methodology focused on people and collaboration. It allows the team members to work with other project stakeholders in order to deliver the project deliverables. When you look at other methodologies such as waterfall methodology is that they focused on processes and tools that are needed in order to achieve project goals.
#6 Respond to Lesson learned
Another factor that you need to consider is that Agile methodology responds to lesson learned compared to other types of project methodologies. In normal project management, you will have to document lessons learned for other projects compared to agile where one can quickly respond to lesson learned and make sure that stakeholders are satisfied.
7 Major Prince2 Roles for Professionals
In my previous article, I have talked about some of the major things that are common to Prince2 projects. In this article, I want to look at some of the key Prince2 roles that are available when you are using Prince2 methodology to manage projects.
#1 The customer as part of Prince2 roles
Whoever is paying for the project is always referred to as the customer. It might be the CEO of the company or any other individual bankrolling the project. It might even be that the project was a joint venture of sorts.
#2 The User as part of Prince2 roles
The user is anyone who will use the deliverable or will be affected by the outcome of the project. It is also possible that the customer is also a user of the project.
#3 The Supplier as part of Prince2 roles
These are the experts that their knowledge will be needed to create the final deliverable of the project. They are also known as Subject Matter Experts depending on who is talking.
#4 The Project Manager
Under Prince2 roles, Project Managers are individual who organizes the project, delegates works and assignment and keeps the project going. The success and failure of the project lie on the shoulder of the project manager.
#5 Project team
The Project team are actually the group of people that do the work and ensure that the various task of the project is being performed. This category of people can come from within and outside the organization depending on the nature of the project.
#6 Team Manager
This is the leader of the project team. It is also possible that we have more than one team manager at a time. Some times they are referred to as Supervisors. Their work is to coordinate other team members in order to achieve project goals.
#7 The administrator
The administrator in a Prince2 project owns all the documentation. He is responsible for meeting the objectives and facilitation of the project process. Depending on the size of the project, it is possible for the administrator to also be the Project Manager.
7 Principles of Prince2 Methodology
There has always been this argument in project management circles on whether to go for Agile methodology or Prince2 methodology. I would like to lay that argument to rest today. In this article, I want to talk about seven principles of the Prince2 method of running projects that you need to know.
#1 Business justification
First and foremost, when you are using Prince2 methodology, you have to know that every project has to have a business justification. That means once the reason for establishing a project can no longer be justified, you have to stop that project with immediate effect.
#2 Learning from experience
It is also expected that the Project Manager and team members should learn from experience as they move on with the project. They are always getting feedback from customers based on what they have done. The team should try as much as possible not to repeat the same mistake again.
#3 clear roles and responsibilities
There must be clear roles and responsibilities for each of the team members. They have to know what they are expected to do as far as the project is concerned. This will help team members to know what is expected of them. This will also help the Project manager to know those roles that he needs to seek procurement from outside suppliers.
#4 Management in stages
One other fantastic thing about Prince2 methodology is that work is planned and managed in stages. This is sometimes referred to as incremental methodology which allows projects that have complex tasks to be done one bit at a time. This helps in mitigating project risks and improving business results.
#5 Management by Exception
One other feature of Prince 2 methodology is that team members are managed by exception. That means there might not be much of team meetings but the Project Manager deals with each of the team members on an individual basis.
#6 Focus on product
One other unique thing about this methodology is that it stayed focused on the end product which seems to be more important than any other aspect of the project. Everything is been done to ensure those team members and the project manager are able to deliver on the result. It is also expected when the use of a product is no longer necessary, the project should be stopped.
Another focus of the Prince 2 method of managing projects is Tailoring. This has to do with the application of necessary processes in order to ensure that the tools and processes suit the project that you have at hand.
Take for example you are just coming new to the construction industry. Obviously, the way you manage IT projects is not the way you manage your construction. You have to tailor your knowledge to suit the project that you have at hand.
5 Facts About Waterfall Methodology in PMP
Waterfall methodology is another form of project methodology that I will be talking about in this article. I have discussed the agile methodology and other methodologies of executing a project in my previous articles.
Examining Waterfall methodology in PMP
Firstly, when you are using this type of methodology to manage your project, you need to know that one phase has to finish completely before the next phase of the project can start.
Also, once a particular phase is completed, that particular phase will not be revisited for any reason.
furthermore, In the waterfall methodology, there is no rigid method that has to be used. The method to be adopted all depends on the type of project that you have at hand.
Examples of such phases could include requirements, design, implementation, verification, deployment, and maintenance among others.
11 Principles of Agile Manifesto in PMP
I have talked about Agile methodology in my previous article. In this particular article, I will be looking at the 12 principles of agile methodology. I am writing this article so that I can throw more light on some of the things that you need to know about the agile principle. Follow as we look at it together in this article.
#1 Customer satisfaction
One of the main focuses of agile methodology is customer satisfaction. Emphasis is been placed on customer satisfaction more than any other aspect of the project. This is been done through the early and continuous delivery of valuable software.
#2 Change at any time
Another unique feature of the agile manifesto is that it welcomes changes at any changes in the project lifecycle. For agile, it is not over until it is over. The customer can request a change at any time even if the product is about to be rolled out. Amazingly, the process of requesting for change is not hard compared to what PMBOK Guide teaches.
#3 Delivering frequently
Agile methodology is also all about delivering working software at all times. It is highly recommended for a long term project. You can use the methodology when the desired requirement of your project keeps changing. In agile methodology, it will always be as if the end to your project is not in sight.
#4 Working together
The agile methodology also placed more emphasis on working together. The project team and the end-users need to work together in order to ensure that the right product that will satisfy the need for end-users are been delivered at all times.
#5 Motivated team
One other beautiful thing about Agile methodology is that it allows the Project Manager to build his project around a motivated team. If you are the Project Manager managing an agile project, you will not have to order your team around, they have to be allowed to use their initiative in moving the project to the next level.
#6 Face to face conversation in Agile manifesto
Agile methodology or manifesto does not believe too much on paperwork. It is assumed that the best form of communication is face to face communication. Therefore, the team members work with the project end-users in order to deliver. They are to look at the output of the project and comment. The Project can now implement the feedback of the end-user until the project is finally accepted.
#7 Working software
In Agile manifesto rule, what is more, important is working software? Therefore it is expected that the project team and the end-user, as well as the Project Manager, should work together in order to ensure that the software or other project deliverable is working the way it supposed to work.
#8 Technical excellence as part of Agile manifesto
In agile methodology, more attention is placed on the technical excellence of the deliverable. The team has to work together to ensure that there are no hitches in the end product. They are allowed to use their initiative in delivering quality products and services.
#9 Simplicity as part of Agile manifesto
The agile manifesto also believes in the concept of simplicity in delivering software. They are of the opinion that simple things are easy to implement. If you keep it simple, you will be able to make changes when they are required. It should be noted that good things do not have to be complicated. That is why Agile is known for the KISS concept which means Keep It Simple and Stupid. It might be contrary to common sense but it is really working.
#10 Self-organizing teams as part of Agile manifesto
Also, the agile methodology also believes in self-organizing teams. The teams are not compelled to use any particular method to carry out the tasks. The Project manager does not act as a taskmaster but he allows the team members to organize themselves and deliver on the result.
#12 Reflection as part of Agile manifesto
One other fact that makes an agile team exceptional is that they always reflect on their past. They always receive feedback from stakeholders and plan on how they will not repeat mistakes of the past. This allows the team to move on to achieve project objectives.
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